Country Payroll Guide Belarus
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- Date format
- Belarusian Ruble (BYN)
- the standard rate is 20%
- Pension - 28%
- Health Insurance
- Health Insurance
- Total Employment Cost
- Total Employment Cost - 34%
- Pension - 1%
- Total Employee Cost
- Total Employee Cost 1%
- Minimum Wage
- The minimum wage in Belarus is 400 BYR per month.
- Payroll Cycle
- 13th Salary
13th salaries are not required but are established by collective agreements or employment contracts. Although it is not required, it is common for CFOs or logistic managers to receive 13th salaries.
- Employee Income Tax (1)
- Flat Rate - 13%
- General Working Hours
40 hours per week.
Overtime should not exceed 12 hours daily, 10 hours weekly, and 180 hours annually. Time off is given in lieu of payment for overtime.
- Paid Time Off
- Public Holidays
- Sick Days
Employees receive 80% of their average daily earnings for he first 12 days of incapacity.
- Maternity Leave
Current maternity leave in Belarus is: 126 days’ paid maternity leave (140 days if there are medical complications or if two or more kids are born). Three years’ unpaid maternity leave during which time the job position must be kept open (the mother can resume work earlier if she wants to). If another child is born during these three years, the maternity leave entitlement starts again.
- Paternity Leave
Fathers can receive up to 14 days of unpaid leave in the first six months after the birth of a child.
- Parental Leave
No provisions in the law.
- Termination Process
In Belarus, an employment contract can be terminated in the following circumstances:
- Agreement by both parties.
- If the contract’s term expires except when neither of the parties wants the employment relations terminated.
- If initiated by any party (the employer or employee).
- If the employee agrees to be transferred to an elective position.
- If the employee disagrees with moving to another location to follow the employer.
- If the employee disagrees with new labor conditions, anew owner, or re-organization of the company.
- Circumstances independent of the will of the parties.
- If the contract is terminated after a probationary period.
However, it is difficult for employers to terminate employees, and they must provide valid reasoning.
- Notice Period
1 month’s notice is required.
- Severance Pay
Severance payments are determined in the employment contract but generally should amount to 2 weeks of the employee’s average salary.
- Probation Period
Employers can establish a probationary period of up to 3 months. For early termination during the probationary period, a minimum of 3 days’ notice is required.
- Employment Visa
Foreign nationals who wish to enter Belarus may do so after obtaining the relevant visa. Types of visas in the country include:
- Type B visa for transit.
- Type C visa for short-term visits up to 90 days.
- Type D visa for long-term stays.
Some employees may require Type C visas for business during a company’s Belarusian expansion. These visas cover short stays for business meetings, conferences, training, and more in Belarus. Employees who plan to remain in Belarus for employment on a long-term basis will need to obtain a Type D visa.