Country Payroll Guide Belarus

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Key Facts

Capital
Minsk
Date format
dd/mm/yyyy
Currency
Belarusian Ruble (BYN)
VAT
the standard rate is 20%

Contributions

Employers

Pension
Pension - 28%
Health Insurance
Health Insurance
Total Employment Cost
Total Employment Cost - 34%

Employees

Pension
Pension - 1%
Total Employee Cost
Total Employee Cost 1%

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage
The minimum wage in Belarus is 400 BYR per month.

Payroll

Payroll Cycle
Monthly
13th Salary

13th salaries are not required but are established by collective agreements or employment contracts. Although it is not required, it is common for CFOs or logistic managers to receive 13th salaries.

Income Tax

Employee Income Tax (1)
Flat Rate - 13%

Working Hours

General Working Hours

40 hours per week.

Overtime

Overtime should not exceed 12 hours daily, 10 hours weekly, and 180 hours annually. Time off is given in lieu of payment for overtime.

Leave

Paid Time Off

24 days.

Public Holidays

9 days.

Sick Days

Employees receive 80% of their average daily earnings for he first 12 days of incapacity.

Maternity Leave

Current maternity leave in Belarus is: 126 days’ paid maternity leave (140 days if there are medical complications or if two or more kids are born). Three years’ unpaid maternity leave during which time the job position must be kept open (the mother can resume work earlier if she wants to). If another child is born during these three years, the maternity leave entitlement starts again.

Paternity Leave

Fathers can receive up to 14 days of unpaid leave in the first six months after the birth of a child.

Parental Leave

No provisions in the law.

Termination

Termination Process

In Belarus, an employment contract can be terminated in the following circumstances:

  • Agreement by both parties.
  • If the contract’s term expires except when neither of the parties wants the employment relations terminated.
  • If initiated by any party (the employer or employee).
  • If the employee agrees to be transferred to an elective position.
  • If the employee disagrees with moving to another location to follow the employer.
  • If the employee disagrees with new labor conditions, anew owner, or re-organization of the company.
  • Circumstances independent of the will of the parties.
  • If the contract is terminated after a probationary period.

However, it is difficult for employers to terminate employees, and they must provide valid reasoning.

Notice Period

1 month’s notice is required.

Severance Pay

Severance payments are determined in the employment contract but generally should amount to 2 weeks of the employee’s average salary.

Probation Period

Employers can establish a probationary period of up to 3 months. For early termination during the probationary period, a minimum of 3 days’ notice is required.

Visa

Employment Visa

Foreign nationals who wish to enter Belarus may do so after obtaining the relevant visa. Types of visas in the country include:

  • Type B visa for transit.
  • Type C visa for short-term visits up to 90 days.
  • Type D visa for long-term stays.

Some employees may require Type C visas for business during a company’s Belarusian expansion. These visas cover short stays for business meetings, conferences, training, and more in Belarus. Employees who plan to remain in Belarus for employment on a long-term basis will need to obtain a Type D visa.