- Date format
- Moldovan Leu (MDL)
- the standard rate is 20%
- Social Security Contributions
- Social Security Contributions - 24%
- Total Employment Cost
- Total Employment Cost - 24%
- Health Insurance
- Health Insurance - 9%
- Personal Income
- Personal Income - 12%
- Total Employee Cost
- Total Employee Cost - 21%
- Minimum Wage
- The minimum wage in Moldova is 2775 LEU per month.
- Payroll Cycle
- Monthly, Bi-Monthly
- 13th Salary
- Employee Income Tax (1)
- Flat Rate - 12%
- General Working Hours
40 hours per week.
Overtime is paid at 150% of the employee’s regular pay for the first two hours of overtime, and 200% for the remaining hours.
- Paid Time Off
Employees are entitled to 28 days of paid leave annually.
- Public Holidays
14 public holidays.
- Sick Days
Employees are entitled to sick leave, for the first five days of an illness paid by the employer, and compensated by the social security agency for the remainder of the sick leave.
- Maternity Leave
Employees are entitled to 18 weeks of paid maternity leave, starting 10 weeks before delivery and lasting until eight weeks post-delivery. For multiple births, this increases to 26 weeks of maternity leave, starting 16 weeks before delivery and lasting until 10 weeks after.
After the initial maternity leave entitlement, a new mother, her partner, or any relative caring for the newborn can request up to three years of partly paid childcare leave until the newborn turns three. Another year of unpaid leave can be exercised, available until the newborn turns four years of age.
- Paternity Leave
Fathers are entitled to 14 days of paternity leave, paid at a rate of 100% of the father’s normal wages, within eight weeks of new birth.
- Other Leave
Adoption: Adoptive parents claiming guardianship of a newborn are entitled to eight weeks of leave, starting the day the decision is finalized, or 10 weeks in case of multiple adoptions.
- Termination Process
An employment contract may be terminated after it runs its course, if a just cause is established, or if the employer encounters financial challenges that make it impossible to follow through on the remainder of the contract’s term.
- Notice Period
Employers must provide at least two months’ notice if they’re terminating an employee for financial reasons, or just a month’s notice if the decision is due to unsatisfactory performance on the employee’s part. Employees who’re being let go for misconduct are not entitled to prior notice of termination.
An employer must inform the union an employee belongs to before finalizing a decision to let an employee go.
- Severance Pay
Employees are entitled to a severance package equivalent to a week’s wages for every year worked, and at least one month’s pay, if they’re being let go for financial reasons, i.e., bankruptcy, etc.
- Probation Period
Probation periods in Moldova can last up to three months, or six, in the case of employees engaged to occupy official positions.
- Employment Visa
The following visas are available for entry into Moldova in order to work:
- Moldova Airport Transit Visa (Type A): This visa allows foreign citizens to stay in the international portion of an airport in Moldova between flights.
- Moldova Transit Visa (Type B): A Type B visa is valid for up to five days, during which the holder can travel through Moldova to reach another destination outside the country’s borders.
- Moldova Tourist Visa (Type C or Short-Stay Visa): A Type B visa is valid for up to 90 days within a period of 180 days. This visa is issued for short-term stays in Moldova, such as business meetings, cultural visits, and tourist trips.
- Moldova Long-Stay Visa (Type D): A Type D visa allows foreign nationals to travel to Moldova to apply for a residence permit.