Country Payroll Guide Rwanda

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Key Facts

Rwandan franc (Rfr)
the standard rate is 18%

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage

There is national minimum wage in Rwanda, the minimum wage is dependent on the industry.


Payroll Cycle
Bi-Weekly, Monthly
13th Salary

Common but not mandatory.

Income Tax

Employee Income Tax (1)
Up to 30,000 Rfr - 0%
Employee Income Tax (2)
30,001 - 100,000 Rfr - 20%
Employee Income Tax (3)
Over 100,001 Rfr - 30%

Working Hours

General Working Hours

45 hours per week.


Overtime rates are outlined in the employment contract.


Paid Time Off

Employees are entitled to at least 18 days of annual leave per year. Employees under 18 years of age are entitled to at least 24 days.

Public Holidays

15 days.

Sick Days

Employees are entitled to 15 days of sick leave once they have provided a medical certificate. For long-term sick leave, the employee may receive up to three months paid sick leave and three months unpaid.

Maternity Leave

12 weeks of fully paid maternity leave, with two weeks being taken prior to the due date.

Paternity Leave

Up to four days of paternity leave.

Parental Leave

There are no provisions in the law regarding parental leave.


Termination Process

Employment contracts may be terminated for just cause, and a written notice should be given to the employee, unless dismissal is due to serious misconduct.


Notice Period
  • Less than one year of service: 15 days notice
  • More than one year of service: one month notice
Severance Pay

Once an employee has completed one year of service they are entitled to the following rates of severance pay:

  • Less than five years of service: one month’s salary
  • Five to 10 years of service: two months’ salary
  • 10-15 years’ service: three months’ salary
  • 15-20 years’ service: four months’ salary
  • 20-25 years’ service: five months’ salary
  • 25+ years’ service: six months’ salary
Probation Period

Up to 6 months.


Employment Visa

Most foreign nationals are required to apply for a visa to enter and stay in Rwanda. They also need a work permit, as a visa only allows entry to the country but not employment. Work permits are split into categories, but the two main options are temporary or permanent.