Country Payroll Guide USA – Montana

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Key Facts

Capital
Helena
Date format
mm/dd/yyyy
Currency
United States Dollar (USD)

Contributions

Employers

Unemployment Insurance (State)
Unemployment (State) - 0.13% to 6.31%
Unemployment- New Employer (State)
Unemployment- New Employer (State) - 1% to 2.4%
FICA Social Security (Federal)
FICA Social Security (Federal) - 6.2% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FICA Medicare (Federal)
FICA Medicare (Federal) - 1.45% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FUTA Unemployment (Federal)
FUTA Unemployment (Federal) - 6% (Maximum taxable wages is 7,000 USD)
Total Employment Cost
Total Employment Cost - 13.78% to 20.85%

Employees

FICA Social Security (Federal)
FICA Social Security (Federal) - 6.2% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FICA Medicare (Federal)
FICA Medicare (Federal) - 1.45% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FUTA Unemployment (Federal)
FUTA Unemployment (Federal) - 6% (Maximum taxable wages is 7,000 USD)
Total Employee Cost
Total Employee Cost - 13.65% to 14.55%

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage
The minimum wage in Montana is 8.75 USD per hour.

Payroll

Payroll Cycle
Monthly, Bi-Monthly
13th Salary

There are no statutory laws on 13th salary.

Income Tax

Employee Income Tax (1) Single Filer (Federal)
$0 - $9,875 = 10%
Employee Income Tax (2) Single Filer (Federal)
$9,876 - $40,125 = 12%
Employee Income Tax (3) Single Filer (Federal)
$40,126 - $85,525 = 22%
Employee Income Tax (4)Single Filer (Federal)
$85,526 - $163,300 = 24%
Employee Income Tax (5) Single Filer (Federal)
$163,301 - $207,350 = 32%
Employee Income Tax (6) Single Filer (Federal)
$207,350 - $518,400 = 35%
Employee Income Tax (7) Single Filer (Federal)
Over $518,400 = 37%

Employee Income Tax (State)

Employee Income Tax (State) (1)
$0 - $3,099 = 1%
Employee Income Tax (State) (2)
$3,100 - $5,400 = 2%
Employee Income Tax (State) (3)
$5,400 - $8,199 = 3%
Employee Income Tax (State) (4)
$8,200 - $11,099 = 4%
Employee Income Tax (State) (5)
$11,100 - $14,299 = 5%
Employee Income Tax (State) (6)
$14,300 - $18,099 = 6%
Employee Income Tax (State) (7)
Over $18,400 = 6.9%

Working Hours

General Working Hours

40 hours per week, eight hours per day.

Overtime

Unless the employee is exempt, an employee must be paid at a rate of one and one-half their regular (hourly) rate for all hours worked over 40 per week.

Leave

Paid Time Off

There is no state law requiring employers to provide paid time off.

Public Holidays

11 public holidays.

Sick Days

There are no statutory laws on sick leave in the State of Montana.

Maternity Leave

A typical normal pregnancy should receive six to eight weeks of leave post-delivery.

Paternity Leave

Paternity leave falls under FMLA.

Parental Leave

Parental leave falls under FMLA.

Termination

Termination Process

Montana follows “employment at will” doctrine which means both the employee and employer are allowed to terminate the employment at any given time without a reason.

Notice Period
  • One month of employment: no notice
  • One to six months of employment: one week notice
  • Six months to two years: two weeks’ notice
  • Two to four years: four weeks’ notice
  • Four to seven years: eight weeks’ notice
  • Seven to eight years: nine weeks’ notice
  • Eight to nine years: ten weeks’ notice

Nine to 10 years : eleven weeks’ notice

Over 10 years: twelve weeks’ notice

Severance Pay

Montana law does not either require or prohibit severance payments.

Probation Period

Six months.

Visa

Employment Visa

In general, work visas are based on a specific offer of employment. In most cases, a petition must be filed and approved by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) before applying for the visa at a U.S. Embassy.