Country Payroll Guide USA – Virginia

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Key Facts

Capital
Richmond
Date format
mm/dd/yyyy
Currency
United States Dollar (USD)
VAT
the standard rate is 5.3% to 7%

Contributions

Employers

Unemployment (State)
Unemployment (State) - 0.11% to 6.21% (Maximum taxable wages is 8,000 USD)
Unemployment - New Employer (State)
Unemployment - New Employer (State) - 2.51% (Maximum taxable wages is 8,000 USD)
FICA Social Security (Federal)
FICA Social Security (Federal) - 6.2% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FICA Medicare (Federal)
FICA Medicare (Federal) - 1.45% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FUTA Unemployment (Federal)
FUTA Unemployment (Federal) - 6% (Maximum taxable wages is 7,000 USD)
Total Employment Cost
Total Employment Cost - 13.76% to 19.86%

Employees

FICA Social Security (Federal)
FICA Social Security (Federal) - 6.2% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
FICA Medicare (Federal)
FICA Medicare (Federal) - 1.45% (Maximum taxable wages is 142,800 USD)
Total Employee Cost
Total Employee Cost - 7.65% to 8.55%

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage
The minimum wage in Virginia is 9.5 USD per hour.

Payroll

Payroll Cycle
Bi-Weekly, Monthly, Bi-Monthly
13th Salary

There are no statutory laws on 13th salary.

Income Tax

Employee Income Tax (1) Single Filer (Federal)
$0 - $9,875 = 10%
Employee Income Tax (2) Single Filer (Federal)
$9,876 - $40,125 = 12%
Employee Income Tax (3) Single Filer (Federal)
$40,126 - $85,525 = 22%
Employee Income Tax (4)Single Filer (Federal)
$85,526 - $163,300 = 24%
Employee Income Tax (5) Single Filer (Federal)
$163,301 - $207,350 = 32%
Employee Income Tax (6) Single Filer (Federal)
$207,350 - $518,400 = 35%
Employee Income Tax (7) Single Filer (Federal)
Over $518,400 = 37%

Employee Income Tax (State)

Employee Income Tax (State) (1)
$0 - $3,000 = 2%
Employee Income Tax (State) (2)
$3,001 - $5,000 = 3% + $60
Employee Income Tax (State) (3)
$5,001 - $17,000 = 5% + $120
Employee Income Tax (State) (4)
$17,001 and over = 5.75% + $720

Working Hours

General Working Hours

40 hours per week, eight hours per day.

Overtime

Overtime must be paid at a minimum of 150% of the employee’s regular wage.

Leave

Paid Time Off

There is no state mandate for paid or unpaid leave.

Public Holidays

12 public holidays.

Sick Days

There is no state mandate for sick leave The Federal FMLA Act applies to companies with more than 50 employees. It grants up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth of a child, care of sick relatives, or care for one’s own sickness.

Maternity Leave

There is no state mandate for maternity leave The Federal FMLA Act applies to companies with more than 50 employees. It grants up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth of a child, care of sick relative, or care for one’s own sickness.

Paternity Leave

There is no state mandate for paternity leave The Federal FMLA Act applies to companies with more than 50 employees. It grants up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth of a child, care of sick relative, or care for one’s own sickness.

Parental Leave

There is no state mandate for parental leave The Federal FMLA Act applies to companies with more than 50 employees. It grants up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth of a child, care of sick relative, or care for one’s own sickness.

Other Leave

Jury Duty – employer does not pay employee for time missed, but must hold job open for the employee upon return.

Termination

Termination Process

Virginia follows “employment at will” doctrine which means both the employee and employer are allowed to terminate the employment at any given time without a reason. Therefore at the time of termination, the employer must pay all the necessary wages up to the day of termination.

Notice Period

There is no official notice period, but general practice is two weeks.

Severance Pay

Virginia law does not either require or prohibit severance payments. It depends on the employer’s agreement with the employee.

Probation Period

12 months.

Visa

Employment Visa

In general, work visas are based on a specific offer of employment. In most cases, a petition must be filed and approved by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) before applying for the visa at a U.S. Embassy.